Iceland – the land and the people

Republic of Iceland

  • Capital: Reykjavik
  • Population: 346.080
  • Area: 100.539  km²
  • National Day: June 17 (1944)
  • Geography: Iceland is an island state located in northeastern Europe, between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of England.
  • Topography: Mainly plateau located between mountain ranges and plains; the coast has many deep bays.
  • Resources: Fish, hydroelectricity, mineral water with a high temperature, and diatomite.
  • Administrative divisions: 23 counties and 14 independent towns
  • GDP: 25,46 billion USD (2021)
  • GDP on average: 59.261 USD (2020)

Iceland is strategically located between Greenland and Europe by placing in a great location in northeastern Europe, between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of England.

Iceland has a subpolar oceanic climate, with chilly winters characterized by mild winds and wet summers. In the winter, the average temperature ranges from -1°C to -5°C (30°F to 23°F), in the summer, it ranges from 8°C to 11°C (46°F to 51°F). Year-round ice covers more than one in ten areas (north of the island). Precipitation falls annually between 400 and 4,000 millimeters.

  • History:

Since the ninth century, Norwegian and Celtic (a mix of Scots and Irish) tribes have moved to the island to live there. In 1397, Iceland was a part of Denmark and was under the control of the Danish dynasties. In 1918, Iceland became independent, but it kept a correlation with Denmark. The British and then the Americans landed in Iceland during World War II. After the vote in 1944, the alliance between Iceland and Denmark ended. In June 1944, Iceland became a republic on its own.

  • Culture:

Iceland is one of the countries with the most equal opportunities for men and women. Many Icelandic women are in charge of government and business, they keep their last names upon marriage.

Iceland’s principal language is Icelandic (Norwegian roots); English and German are dominant foreign languages, and the main religions are the Evangelical Lutheran Church (96%), Protestantism (3%), and Christianity (3%).
Iceland is one of the most liberal nations to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people due to its cultural ties to Norway, Sweden, and Denmark (all three countries are part of the Scandinavian bloc).

  • Economy:

Iceland is a small, sparsely populated nation whose economy is patterned after that of Scandinavian, with a social market economy that integrates the fundamental concepts of a liberalized market economy.

Iceland’s economy has transitioned rapidly to assembly and service industries, software development, biotechnology, and financial services, while ecotourism and whale watching has become strongholds.

Iceland’s hydropower and geothermal power have drawn global investments in aluminum mining and helped economic development. Iceland lacks a diverse industrial base. Agricultural output, particularly farming, is unfavorable; therefore, international commerce is crucial to the nation. Except for the fish processing sector, Iceland must import the majority of its raw materials for other businesses as well as consumer items for local consumption.

  • Tradition:

Icelanders are very proud of their nation and its Viking ancestry. Iceland’s official language is Icelandic, which is safeguarded as an envelope for their cultural and linguistic heritage.

National Day is the most well-known holiday honoring Iceland’s national independence on June 17, 1944; Sumardagurinn Fyrsti is celebrated on the first day of summer, and Sjómannadagurinn, is held in June to celebrate ancestral migrations to Iceland.

Iceland is renowned for its abundance of attractive locations, including the capital Reykjavik, the Dettifoss waterfall, Vestmannaeyjar island, and hot springs, among others.

  • Education:

Iceland’s attendance rate is among the highest in the world, and education is compulsory for ten years. Children are taught languages such as English and Danish at a very early age. After completing their general education, students enter vocational schools or preparatory schools for universities. Many students attend university or graduate school overseas.

Embassy Address:

Icelandic Embassy in Beijing and concurrently Vietnam:

Address: Landmark Tower 1 # 802, 8 Dong San Huan Bie Lu Chaoyang Dist. 100004 Beijing, China

Tel: +86 (10) 6590 7795/96

Fax: +86 (10) 6590 7801



Vietnamese Embassy in Denmark and concurrently Iceland:

Address: Gammel Vartov Vej 20 Hellekup, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Tel: +45 39 18 39 32

Fax: +45 39 18 41 71